ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is also known as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). The diagnosis may depend on the combination of symptoms your child exhibits.

ADHD is usually diagnosed in childhood. People may outgrow the symptoms or they may persist into adulthood. The most common age range for diagnosis is 4 to 8, because this is when ADHD behaviors begin to disrupt school. However, the disorder can also be diagnosed in adults. This is not uncommon, as many symptoms of ADHD were once considered “bad” behavior by parents and educators.

ADHD has three subtypes. Mainly inattentive, mainly hyperactive and mixed. People with mostly inattention are likely to be labeled ADHD.

Symptoms of inattention include:

  • Not paying attention at school
  • Making careless mistakes
  • Difficulty staying focused
  • Doesn’t seem to listen
  • Having complete trouble with chores or schoolwork
  • Dislike tasks that require focus
  • Lost and found
  • Being easily distracted
  • forget things

Symptoms of hyperactivity or impulsivity include:

  • fidget
  • Difficulty sitting still
  • Taking too much
  • Difficulty sitting still
  • Constantly in motion
  • Running or climbing in inappropriate situations
  • interrupt
  • Blurt out answers
  • Difficult to take turns

ADHD can be associated with other developmental, neurological, and behavioral disorders. Autism, conduct disorder, and anxiety often co-occur with ADHD.

There are several treatments for ADHD. However, it is important to realize that there are also benefits for the ADHD brain. Thus, the goal of treatment is usually to provide the patient with the tools and assistance he or she needs for success at school and at home, without radically changing them.

Some of the initial treatments for ADHD are not treatments at all. Once educators and parents realize that the child is not misbehaving but is neurologically atypical, they can make adjustments to help the child succeed. Most parents start with an education plan known as a 504 plan, which helps their child perform better in school. Small physical changes, such as letting hyperactive kids fidget with toys or replacing their chairs with exercise balls, which require balance, can help them. This includes making adjustments so that children have more time for assignments or limiting the amount of time they have to sit.

Of course, you also want to help the child get the tools to succeed. Many parents of children with ADHD look into behavioral therapy. This therapy is designed to help children learn how and when to modify their behavior to make them more appropriate to the situation.

For some children, medication is helpful. Some of the medications we use to treat ADHD include

  • Adderall
  • concerta
  • stratterra

If you suspect your child has ADHD, a diagnosis is the first step to getting help. Undiagnosed ADHD can negatively impact your child’s learning and social opportunities.

Knowledge Center Neurology ADHD – Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity

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