Hay fever is also known as allergic rhinitis. It is caused by breathing in airborne allergens, both indoors and outdoors, such as dust mites, grass, tree, pollen, spores, animal fur or the skin, urine and saliva of pet animals. These allergens cause cold symptoms such as sneezing, itchy eyes, runny nose, congestion and sinus pressure.
Hay fever is a type of allergy, but not all allergies are hay fever. Allergy is a common term used when the immune system reacts to a foreign substance that is not usually harmful to the body. These foreign substances are called allergens.
What causes hay fever?
When you suffer from hay fever, your body’s immune system recognizes a substance in the air that is harmless as harmful. Your immune system develops antibodies against this harmless substance. From now on, if you come into contact with these specific allergens, your immune system will release histamines into the bloodstream. This will trigger reactions that trigger the symptoms of hay fever.
What are the symptoms of hay fever?
The warning signs of hay fever are:-
● Runny nose, itching and nasal congestion.
● Watery, itchy, red eyes
● Sneezing on contact with allergens
● Itching of the throat
● The skin color under the eyes is blue and swollen.
● Postnasal drip, cough and fatigue
What are the most common allergens that cause hay fever?
The indications of hay fever begin or worsen during a certain time of the year. The triggers include:
● During early spring, pollen from trees can cause hay fever.
● During the months of March to July, grass pollen becomes one of the main factors for hay fever.
● Ragweed pollen also causes hay fever.
● Cockroaches, pet dander, and dust and mites can cause hay fever.
● Contact with spores of mold and fungi indoors and outdoors also leads to the symptoms of hay fever.
What are the risk factors associated with hay fever?
The risk of getting hay fever increases if you:
● If you have eczema (itchy inflammation of the skin)
● Have parents or siblings who suffer from asthma or allergies
● Live or work in a place where you regularly come into contact with animal dander, dust mites, or other allergens that act as triggers.
● Your mother had a habit of smoking when you were a baby.
What are the complications of hay fever?
● Hay fever interferes with an individual’s daily activities. You will miss school or the office. Hay fever makes you less productive.
● Hay fever disturbs your sleep. You will have trouble sleeping, resulting in fatigue and a feeling of discomfort.
● Hay fever causes extreme coughing and sneezing, similar to that of asthma.
● Susceptibility to sinusitis increases with persistent sinus congestion due to hay fever.
● Children suffer from otitis media (inflammation in the middle ear) due to hay fever.
What precautions should you take during hay fever?
You can’t get rid of hay fever. The best thing you can do is reduce your contact with allergens that cause symptoms. You should take allergy medications as directed by your doctor. This will help relieve the symptoms if you come into contact with the allergens.
What methods are used to treat hay fever?
Allergy medicines used to relieve hay fever symptoms include corticosteroid nasal sprays and antihistamines. However, it is advisable to consult your doctor and follow his advice before self-medicating.
When to see a doctor?
You should see a doctor if:
● There is no relief from your symptoms associated with hay fever.
● The allergy medicines are not effective.
● Allergy medications have side effects.
● You have concomitant asthma, nasal polyps or frequent sinusitis. They aggravate hay fever symptoms.
Call 1860-500-1066 to make an appointment.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. What is the best remedy for hay fever?
Answer: There is no way to avoid getting rid of hay fever. The best precaution is to reduce your exposure to the allergens that are causing your symptoms. It is best to see your GP as early as possible.
2. What is the difference between hay fever and a cold?
Answer: The main difference is that hay fever causes a runny nose with a thin, watery discharge without fever. A cold, on the other hand, has symptoms such as watery or thick yellow discharge from the nose (runny nose) and low-grade fever accompanied by body aches.
The onset of hay fever will be immediate once you are exposed to the allergens. However, the onset of a common cold takes about one to three days after exposure to the common cold virus. The duration of hay fever is not defined. It stays with you as long as you are in contact with the allergens. The duration of a cold, on the other hand, is three to seven days.
3. How long does hay fever last?
Answer: There is no specific duration of hay fever. It will last as long as there is contact with the allergens.
4. Which foods make hay fever worse?
Answer: Alcohol, peanuts, sugar, processed foods, wheat, chocolate, and even your morning cup of coffee can make your hay fever worse.
Call 1860-500-1066 to make an appointment.