Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the cervix. The cylindrical groove in the lower part of a woman’s uterus that connects the uterus and vagina is called the cervix. Most cervical cancers begin in cells on the outside of the uterus. In general, many women suffering from cervical cancer do not even know that they have such a disease, because the symptoms of cervical cancer do not appear for a long time.
What Causes Cervical Cancer? (What Causes Cervical Cancer In Hindi)
Most cervical cancers are caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a group of viruses that are very common all over the world. There are more than 100 types of HPV, at least 14 of which are known to cause cancer (known as high-risk types). Two HPV types (16 and 18) cause cervical cancer and 70 percent of precancerous cervical cancers. There is also evidence linking HPV to cancers of the anus, vagina, penis, and oropharynx. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide.
Cervical cancer vaccine launched
The Indian vaccine will work on HPV types 16 and 18, as well as 6 and 11. SI Adar Poonawalla, CEO of (Adar Poonawalla) said that “indigenous developed vaccine will make our country self-sufficient in reducing female deaths from cervical cancer.”
He told reporters that the vaccine would be on sale in a few months, first in the Indian market and then in some countries of the world. It could be priced between Rs 200 to Rs 400 ($2.51-$5.03) and the company aims to produce about 200 million doses in two years, Reuters partner ANI Poonawalla was quoted as saying. The vaccine is given by injection in two doses to children between the ages of 9 and 14 and in three doses to children between the ages of 15 and 26.
What is the first stage of cervical cancer? (What is the first stage of cervical cancer in hindi)
In stage I cervical cancer, the cancer is in the cervix and has not spread to other nearby organs. Stage 1A – In cervical cancer, the tumor is so small that it can only be seen with a colposcope or microscope. Stage 1B – In cervical cancer, the tumor is large but still in the cervix.
Diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer
Screening tests help detect cervical cancer and cell growth. In addition, based on the symptoms, the doctor may also recommend an HPV DNA test to confirm. The treatment of cervical cancer depends on many factors such as the stage of the cancer, other health problems, etc. Based on this, techniques such as surgery, radiation and chemotherapy can be used.
Signs and symptoms of cervical cancer
The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are:
- bleeding after menopause
- bleeding after intercourse
- pain when urinating
- vaginal discharge with a strong odor
- vaginal discharge with blood
- discomfort or bleeding during intercourse
Cervical cancer treatment
The goal of surgery is to remove as much cancer as possible. Sometimes the doctor removes only the part of the cervix that contains cancer cells. For cancers that are more extensive, surgery may involve removing the cervix and other organs in the pelvis.
Radiation kills cancer cells using high-energy X-rays. It can be delivered outside the body through a machine. It can also be administered from within the body using a metal tube placed in the uterus or vagina.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Doctors give this treatment in cycles. You’ll get chemo for a while. You then stop the treatment to give your body time to recover.
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