Your eyes can tell about many serious illnesses. It is said that the eyes tell the state of the heart, but in addition to the state of the heart, they also tell the state of your health. Just by looking at the eyes, one knows what problem someone is struggling with. In the current times, the problem related to the eyes is increasing due to pollution and continuous use of screen devices.
You may experience discomfort, pain, or itching in your eyes. Symptoms such as watery eyes, swelling, redness, itching, problems increase as soon as the eyes come into contact with dust and dirt, smoke causes problems in the eyes. Today we will tell you about one such eye disease known as posterior uveitis. So let’s tell you what it is.
What is Posterior Uveitis?
Uveitis is a form of eye inflammation. It affects the middle layer of tissue in the eyeball (UVA) and the warning signs come on suddenly. UVA comprises the central layer of pigmented structures of the eye and includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. Uveitis is a dangerous disease and one should consult an ophthalmologist.
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Do you know the symptoms of posterior uveitis?
Eye with uveopen popup Signs and features of uveitis may include:
- Red eyes
- light sensitivity
- have trouble seeing
- dark, floating spots (floaters) in your field of vision
- weak eyesight
How many types of uveitis are there?
- Anterior uveitis: This happens before the eyes. This is the most common form of uveitis, occurring most often in young and middle-aged people. It can affect only one eye, but is associated with some rheumatologic, skin, gastrointestinal, lung, and infectious diseases.
- Intermediate uveitis: It is commonly seen in young adults. The focus of inflammation is often visible in the vitreous. It is associated with several conditions, including sarcoidosis and multiple sclerosis.
- Posterior uveitis: This is the term used when all three major parts of the eye are affected by the inflammation. Bechet’s disease is one of the best-known forms of panuveitis and is characterized by severe damage to the retina. Intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis are the most severe and recurrent forms of uveitis. If left untreated, these often lead to blindness.
Cause of posterior uveitis
In about half of cases, the specific cause of uveitis is unclear and the condition can be considered an autoimmune disease affecting only the eye. If a cause can be identified, it could be one of the following:
- autoimmune diseases affecting other parts of the body, such as sarcoidosis, ankylosing spondylosis
- spondylitis, systemic lupus erythematosus or Crohn’s disease
- eye infection
- side effects of medicines
- previous eye injury or surgery
- cancer affecting the eyes, such as lymphoma
What tests are done to detect uveitis?
Some of the tests used to diagnose uveitis include:
- Eye chart and visual acuity test
- funduscopy test
- ocular pressure test
- slit lamp exam
How is posterior uveitis treated?
Doctors usually first treat the patient with drugs to treat posterior uveitis. The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation in the patient’s eyes and other parts of the body. In some cases, the patient’s treatment with drugs can take months. If the patient has more problems, doctors recommend surgery.
Surgical or other procedures include:
vitrectomySurgery to remove part of the vitreous in your eye is rarely used to diagnose or treat the condition.
A drug-eluting transplant: For people with difficult-to-treat posterior uveitis, an eye implant may be an option. This device slowly releases the corticosteroid into the eye over two to three years. Cataracts usually develop in people who have not yet had cataract surgery. Glaucoma Up to 30% of patients will also require treatment of the raised eye pressure to prevent the development of glaucoma.
The patient’s recovery depends on the type of uveitis and the severity of the symptoms. Uveitis affecting the back of your eye (posterior uveitis or panuveitis, including retinitis or choroiditis) heals more slowly than uveitis affecting the front of the eye (anterior uveitis or iritis). Severe swelling takes longer to go away than mild swelling. Uveitis can return.
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