Urinary bladder cancer is a life-threatening disease, and it also gives rise to many other life-threatening diseases. If you have symptoms of frequent urination or painful urination, you should see a doctor immediately, if you want to see a doctor click here You can have your treatment done through us in the best hospital.
Urinary bladder cancer is a common cancer that develops in the cells of the bladder. The urinary bladder is located in the lower abdomen that stores urine.
Bladder cancer often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in the kidneys and tubes (ureters). that connects the kidney to the bladder. Urothelial cancer can also occur in the kidney and ureter, but is much more common in the bladder.
What Are the Symptoms of Urinary Bladder Carcinoma?
Well-developed bladder carcinoma can be life-threatening and difficult to treat, so you should see a doctor if you notice any of these symptoms. These signs can be:
- blood in the urine (hematuria)
- frequent urination
- pain with defecation
What Are the Different Types of Urinary Bladder Cancer?
Several types of cells can become cancerous in the urinary bladder. The type of cells from which the cancer arises is the type of bladder cancer. Doctors use this information to determine which treatments might work best for patients.
The types of urinary bladder cancer are:
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Urothelial carcinoma
What causes or increases the risk of urinary bladder cancer?
Urinary bladder cancer begins when cells in the bladder develop mutations in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell the cell what to do. Mutations tell the cell to multiply quickly and survive when healthy cells die. The affected cells lead to the formation of tumors that can damage and destroy normal body tissue. Over time, abnormal cells can break down and spread throughout the body. There are other things that can lead to urinary bladder cancer, including:
- being male
- getting old
- chronic cystitis
- exposure to certain chemicals
- family history of cancer
- Diagnosis and screening for bladder cancer
Diagnosis of urinary bladder cancer
Tests and procedures used to diagnose urinary bladder cancer may include:
- Urine cytology
- imaging tests
What are the costs of urinary bladder carcinoma treatment?
The cost of urinary bladder carcinoma treatment in India is very low compared to developed countries if you want to know the cost of treatment click hereIf you want to do your treatment through GoMedii, we will try to arrange the treatment for you at a low cost.
What are the treatment options for bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer treatment options depend on a number of factors, including the type of cancer, the grade of the cancer, and the stage of the cancer, which are taken into account, along with general health and treatment preferences.
Bladder cancer treatment may include:
- Surgery—Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor (TURBT)
- continuous urinary reservoir and reconstruction of the neobladder
- radiation therapy
Surgical options for carcinoma treatment in India?
You should know that surgery for carcinoma can vary from case to case depending on the severity of the problem. Below are the options that doctors suggest based on the patient’s health. Operations include:
Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor (TURBT):
This is a procedure to diagnose bladder cancer and remove cancer that is limited to the inner layers of the bladder and is not yet a muscle-invasive cancer.
This is done to remove all or part of the bladder. During a partial cystectomy, the surgeon removes only the part of the bladder that contains a cancerous tumor.
Continuous Urine Reservoir:
During this type of urine diversion procedure, the surgeon uses part of the intestine to create a small pouch (reservoir) to store urine that is in the body. Then, a few times a day, remove urine from the reservoir through an opening in the abdomen using a catheter.
After performing a radical cystectomy, the surgeon must create a new route of urinary diversion. Neobladder is one of the reconstruction options. The surgeon turns a piece of intestine into a spherical reservoir.
For this type of urinary diversion, the surgeon uses a piece of intestine to create a tube (ileal conduit). Tubes run from the ureters, which drain the kidneys, to the outside of the body, where the urine drains into a pouch (urostomy bag) that patients wear on their stomach.
Whole-body chemotherapy increases the chance of a cure in a person who has had surgery to remove the bladder, or as a first-line treatment when surgery is not an option. Chemotherapy drugs can be given through a vein. Chemotherapy is often used before bladder removal surgery to increase the chance of curing the cancer.
Chemotherapy can also be used to kill cancer cells that may have been left behind after surgery. If necessary, chemotherapy can be combined with radiation therapy.
Intravesical therapy (directly into the bladder): During intravesical chemotherapy, a tube is passed through the urethra directly into the bladder. The chemotherapy is held in the bladder for a period of time before it is emptied. It is also used as a primary treatment for superficial bladder cancer, where cancer cells only affect the lining of the bladder and not the deeper muscle tissue.
Radiation therapy, to destroy cancer cells, often as the first treatment when surgery is not an option or not desired. Radiation therapy uses powerful energy beams, such as X-rays and protons, to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy for bladder cancer is usually given by a machine that moves through the body, sending energy beams to precise points.
Radiation therapy is sometimes combined with chemotherapy to treat bladder cancer in some situations, such as when surgery is not an option or not desired.
Immunotherapy activates the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells in the bladder or throughout the body. Intravesical immunotherapy may be recommended after TURBT for small bladder cancers that have not grown into the deep muscle layers of the bladder. This treatment consists of giving Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), which was developed as a vaccine used to prevent tuberculosis. BCG triggers a response in the immune system that helps fight the germs that attack it.
Carcinoma Urinary Bladder Treatment Hospital
Listed below are the best hospitals for urinary bladder carcinoma treatment in India, these hospitals provide the best treatment at an affordable price. Contact person for treatment in these hospitals:
- Black Super Specialty Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, Delhi
- Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, Delhi
- Medanta The Medicity, Sector 38, Gurugram
- Apollo Hospitals, Bannergatta Road, Bangalore
- Fortis Hospital, Bannergatta Road, Bangalore
- Narayana Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Anekal Taluk, Bangalore
- Lilavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, Mumbai
- Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital, Vile Parle West, Mumbai
- Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Lakdi Ka Pool, Hyderabad
- Apollo Proton Cancer Center, Chennai
- Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Science, Mukundpur, Kolkata
- Healthcare Institute of Medical Sciences, Sola, Ahmedabad
Carcinoma Urinary Bladder Treatment via GoMedii
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