Increase in type 2 diabetes in children

Type II diabetes is not juvenile diabetes and is uncommon in children. But this is slowly and gradually changing. Type II diabetes is adult onset diabetes, which unfortunately is beginning to affect the children of this generation. Several factors are responsible for this, but obesity is one of the most important factors. It is a chronic disease, which is both completely manageable and preventable.

What happens to children with type II diabetes?

Your child’s body does not produce enough insulin to meet the physical demands or resists using insulin, also known as insulin resistance. Your doctor will recommend that your child gets enough exercise, is active and eats a healthy diet. But sometimes diet and exercise fall short in eliminating or controlling the disease. In such cases, medical treatment is also needed. The article focuses on the emergence of type II diabetes in children.

Learn more about type 2 diabetes in children

Today, type 2 diabetes also affects children. This is due to the increase in obesity among them. This condition does not allow the body to use insulin. The risk of type II diabetes in children increases with obesity, family history, inactivity, etc. Diabetes also comes with several complications. However, preventive measures and a healthy lifestyle can help your child fight this condition.

What Are the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes can be difficult to notice in children because of the gradual development of symptoms. Your doctor can diagnose this condition during a routine checkup. Some common symptoms your child may experience include:

  • Urge to drink water and urinate frequently

TheKidneys are responsible for cleaning the sugar from the blood. Over time, they can no longer maintain this work because there is too much sugar to handle. Instead, the extra sugar and other fluids are removed from the organs in the urine. This process causes dehydration and thirst. In turn, if the patient drinks more fluids, this leads to even more urination.

  • Increase in fatigue and weakness,

It can arise from a lack of glucose. Glucose provides energy to your cells that perform physiological functions for your body. Lack of glucose in cells makes your child’s body exhausted.

An increased sugar concentration in the blood can draw moisture out of your child’s lenses. It leaves your child’s eyes with blurred vision or insufficient focus ability.

If you see dark spots and pigmentation around your child’s neck and armpits, it could be the progression of type II diabetes. Consult your doctor immediately.

Don’t confuse healthy weight loss with weight loss due to diabetes. Muscle shrinkage, fat depletion, and body weight loss are common in children with type II diabetes. It is because your child’s body cells are not getting enough energy in the form of glucose.

It is never too late to see a doctor. Staying informed and alert with the right information will help you make the right decision. Get to the right time to see a doctor.

When to see a doctor?

See a pediatric specialist if –

  • You are witnessing the above signs and symptoms in your child.
  • Your child is overweight or obese and is ten years old.
  • You have a family history of diabetes.

Call 1860-500-1066 to make an appointment

What Causes Diabetes in Children?

The primary cause of type II diabetes is not yet known, but obesity is one of the leading factors for developing type II diabetes in children. Other factors are:

  • Family history and genetic factors.
  • Inactive lifestyle and eating junk food.
  • Accumulation of fat around the abdomen.

Diabetes is a disease caused by higher levels of glucose (blood sugar) in our body. This can happen when the body doesn’t produce insulin (a hormone produced in the pancreas) or doesn’t use insulin properly.

Insulin helps the glucose from food get into your body’s cells for energy. If your body doesn’t make enough insulin, or your body doesn’t use insulin properly, the glucose stays behind and builds up in your blood.

What Are the Risk Factors for Diabetes in Children?

A risk factor, in simpler terms, is something that increases your chance of developing that particular disease. It is not known why certain children develop type 2 diabetes and others do not, even though they share similar risk factors. But it is clear that some factors increase the risk, such as:

  • Weight: Being overweight is one of the strong risk factors for type 2 diabetes in children. The more fatty tissue they have, especially around the abdomen, the more resistant their body’s cells become to insulin.
  • inactivity: The less active the child is, the higher his/her risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps your child control his/her weight, uses glucose for energy and makes the child’s cells more responsive on insulin.
  • Family History: The risk of type 2 diabetes in children increases if they have a sibling or parent with diabetes.
  • Race or ethnicity: While it’s unclear why, some people, including American Indians, Asian-American people, Black, and Hispanic people, are more prone to developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Age and Gender: Most children develop type 2 diabetes in their early teens. Adolescent girls are more prone to developing type 2 diabetes than adolescent boys.
  • Birth Weight and Gestational Diabetes: Being born to a mother who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy and low birth weight are both linked to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Premature birth: Babies born prematurely (before a gestational age of 39 – 42 weeks) have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

How is type 2 diabetes in children treated?

  1. Control of blood glucose levels,

Your doctor will recommend measuring blood sugar levels three or more times a day. It is the only method to ensure that your child has his or her blood sugar levels within the normal range. Any change or fluctuation will be accommodated by medical support.

  1. Eating healthy food,

Your doctor will recommend that your child stick to a balanced diet to slow down weight gain and help him manage type II diabetes. Here are some recommendations for your child:

  • They must follow a low-calorie diet.
  • Ensure intake of fruits and vegetables for antioxidants.
  • Try to limit added sugars and sugary drinks such as soft drinks. Instead, have fresh fruit and water.
  • Usually eat home based food than in restaurants.
  • Avoid processed and junk foods
  1. Being physically active,

Being physically active will lower the excess sugar in your bloodstream. Encouraging and motivating your child to exercise for an hour a day will have benefits throughout his life.

  1. Taking the right medicines,

The three drugs approved to treat childhood diabetes are metformin, liraglutide, and insulin. Your doctor will prescribe these medications in the following way:

  • Metformin as a pill
  • Liraglutide as an injection, and
  • Insulin as an injection
  1. weight loss surgery,

Weight loss procedures are not an option for everyone. But for teens who are significantly obese — a BMI over 35 — weight loss surgery can lead to remission of type 2 diabetes.

What Are the Complications of Type 2 Diabetes in Children?

Complications of type II diabetes in children can prove to be life-threatening. They are:

  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Elevated cholesterol
  • Cardiovascular problems
  • stroke and blindness
  • chronic renal failure
  • The removal of a limb, also known as amputation

Make sure your child’s blood sugar level is as normal as possible. This reduces the risk of developing complications.

How can you prevent diabetes in children?

Following these two core principles will help.

  1. Have a healthy diet,

Eating healthy, low-fat foods is necessary for weight loss for an obese person. Make sure you give your child plenty of fruits and vegetables.

  1. Get plenty of exercise,

Encourage your child to exercise. You can exercise with your child to motivate him or her for a better lifestyle. If that is not possible, you can let your child participate in dance lessons or sports. Doing an activity keeps their body healthy and disease free.

Conclusion

Until now, type I diabetes has been juvenile diabetes, with the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes was more common in adults. In fact, it used to be called adult-onset diabetes. But type 2 diabetes in children is on the rise, fueled by the obesity epidemic.

Proper management with a healthy lifestyle can help your child manage the condition.

Call 1860-500-1066 to make an appointment

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