In the current age of social media, there is no problem in conveying information to people. In such a situation, any kind of information reaches people through one medium or the other. You too must have read or heard somewhere about such a disease, for the treatment of which the patient needs injections worth millions of rupees. Actually, a disease is spinal muscular atrophy.
Actually, it is a group of genetic diseases in which a person suffers from damage to the nerves from the spinal cord to the brain. This disease is seen in different forms in patients. Tell you in detail what this spinal muscular atrophy is?
What is Spinal Muscular Atrophy?
Spinal muscular atrophy is a group of genetic diseases that cause problems with muscle control. In this disease, the cells of the nervous system of the brain and cells of the spinal cord become damaged, causing the patient’s muscles to become weak. The person suffering from this cannot stand on his own nor is he able to pick up signals from his brain.
The word atrophy is a medical term meaning small. In spinal muscular atrophy, some muscles become smaller and weaker due to lack of use. Here we are going to tell you about the causes, symptoms and treatment of spinal muscular atrophy. It mainly affects babies and children, but can also develop in adults. Symptoms and prognosis vary depending on the type of disease.
The treatment of this disease depends on the type and symptoms. Many people with SMA exercise with the help of physical and occupational therapy and assistive devices, such as orthopedic braces, crutches, walkers, and wheelchairs. The disease can be treated with gene replacement and disease modifying therapies.
Symptoms of spinal muscular atrophy
Due to the presence of this disease in most patients, clear symptoms appear from the moment of birth. But there are some patients in whom the symptoms of this disease begin to appear shortly after birth. These symptoms are seen in patients with spinal muscular atrophy.
- difficulty breathing
- difficulty swallowing
- difficulty standing and walking
- Changes in the shape of the spine and chest due to muscle weakness
- loss of muscle tone
- problems controlling head movements
- It is a rare and serious disease and the symptoms get worse over time.
How Is Spinal Muscular Atrophy Diagnosed?
Some SMA symptoms resemble symptoms that result from neuromuscular disorders such as muscular dystrophy. To determine the cause of the symptoms, the doctor will perform a physical exam and ask about the patient’s medical history. Your doctor may recommend one or more of the following tests to diagnose SMA:
Blood Test: An enzyme and protein blood test can check for high levels of creatine kinase. Deteriorating muscles release this enzyme into the bloodstream.
Genetic Test: This blood test identifies problems with the SMN1 gene. As a diagnostic tool, a genetic test is 95% effective in finding the altered SMN1 gene. Some states test for SMA as part of routine newborn screening.
Nerve conduction test: An electromyogram (EMG) measures signals from the muscles and nerves of the nerves.
Muscle Biopsy: In rare cases, the doctor may perform a biopsy of the patient’s muscle. In this procedure, a small amount of muscle tissue is removed and sent to a lab for testing.
due to spinal muscular atrophy
In most people, this problem is caused by genetic disorders and motor neuron dysfunction in the spinal cord and brain stem. When these motor neurons stop working because of gene changes, muscle control is lost. These are known as Survival Motor Neuron 1 (SMN1) and SMN2. Motor neurons are nerve cells that control neural movement. The SMN1 and SMN2 genes contain instructions for making proteins that are believed to be essential for motor neuron functioning. It can also happen due to genetic problems. If this defect is in the mother or father, the child born from it will have this disease.
What Are the Types of Spinal Muscular Atrophy?
There are four primary types of SMA:
Type 1 (severe): About 60% of people with SMA have type 1, also called Werdnig-Hoffmann disease.
Type 2 (medium): Symptoms of type 2 SMA (also known as Dubovitz’s disease) appear when a child is between six months and 18 months old.
Type 3 (mild): Symptoms of type 3 SMA (also called Kugelbert-Welander or juvenile-onset SMA) appear after the first 18 months of a child’s life.
Type 4 (more common in adults): A rare form of SMA is seen in adults up to age 30.
like you treatment of spinal muscular atrophy You can have your treatment done in one of the following hospitals mentioned by us:
Best Hospitals In Delhi For Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment
- BLK-Max Super Specialty Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, Delhi
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Sarita Vihar, Delhi
- Fortis Heart Hospital, Okhla, Delhi
- Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, Delhi
Best Hospitals In Gurugram For Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment
- Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Gurugram
- Medanta The Medicity, Gurugram
- Fortis Healthcare Limited, Gurugram
- Paras Hospital, Gurgaon
Best Hospitals in Greater Noida for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment
- Sharda Hospital, Greater Noida
- Yatharth Hospital, Greater Noida
- Baksan Hospital, Greater Noida
- JR Hospital, Greater Noida
- Prakash Hospital, Greater Noida
- Divya Hospital, Greater Noida
- Shanti Hospital, Greater Noida
Best Hospitals in Meerut to treat spinal muscular atrophy
- Subharti Hospital, Meerut
- Anand Hospital, Meerut
Best Hospitals In Hapur For Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment
- Sharda Hospital, Hapur
- GS Hospital, Hapur
- Baksan Hospital, Hapur
- JR Hospital, Hapur
- Prakash Hospital, Hapur
Best Hospitals In Kolkata For Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment
- Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Science, Mukundpur, Kolkata
Best Hospitals In Bangalore For Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment
- Fortis Hospital, Bannergatta Road, Bangalore
- Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore
treatment of spinal muscular atrophy best hospitals in mumbai for
- Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital, Vile Parle West, Mumbai
- Lilavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, Mumbai
in Hyderabad for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy best hospital
- Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Lakdi Ka Pool, Hyderabad
Best Hospitals In Chennai For Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment
- Apollo Proton Cancer Center, Chennai
treatment of spinal muscular atrophy best hospital in ahmedabad for
- Healthcare Institute of Medical Sciences, Sola, Ahmedabad
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