Neurological Disorders | Neurocenter NJ

Neurologists diagnose and treat disorders of the nervous system. That means disorders, diseases, and conditions that affect the brain or nervous system.

Most people think of brain injury when they think of neurologists. For example, they know that someone comes to a neurologist after a stroke or a traumatic brain injury. While these acute and sudden events are neurological, they are far from the only things neurologists diagnose or treat.

What do neurologists treat?

Neurologists diagnose and treat a variety of conditions, including

  • Epilepsy
  • Development delays
  • learning disabilities
  • migraine
  • Autism
  • Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • behavioral disorders
  • to succeed
  • brain tumors
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • muscular dystrophy
  • neuropathy
  • sign
  • Tourette syndrome
  • sleep problems
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • muscular dystrophy
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • cerebral palsy

What do neurologists diagnose?

When you have a medical problem, sometimes your medical team has to work as detectives to find the source of the problem. You may present with neurological problems, but they may be caused by another type of condition. Likewise, you may have another condition that masquerades as a neurological problem. Finding the cause is important, but so is treating the symptoms of the disease, disorder, or condition.

Neurologists primarily diagnose disorders of the brain and nervous system. Sometimes they confirm the diagnosis of a referring physician. Other times, neurologists may suspect a different diagnosis and refer you to another specialist. For example, endocrine disorders such as diabetes and thyroid disease can cause some symptoms that appear neurological. In an attempt to make a diagnosis, a neurologist may discover test results that strongly suggest a different type of disease.

Therefore, it becomes difficult to narrow down what a neurologist diagnoses. Because their trainings are so thorough, they are often the first medical professional to suspect other illnesses or conditions in addition to being able to diagnose and treat neurological problems.

How do neurologists make their diagnosis?

That depends on your presenting symptoms. It may involve more tests than you realize. For example, if you take a child to a pediatric neurologist for recurrent headaches, you might assume it’s a migraine. However, headaches can be a symptom of other serious illnesses. So the neurologist may order tests to rule out those conditions before diagnosing migraines.

Some tests neurologists use to help them diagnose are:

  • Blood tests
  • Physical function tests
  • Testing mental functions
  • Imaging (CT scans, MRIs, etc.)
  • EEGs
  • Medical histories
  • Patient reports

This information will help the neurologist make an accurate diagnosis or, if it is not a neurological problem, refer you to the appropriate specialist for diagnosis and treatment.

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