When your blood pressure stays below average for a long time, you have low blood pressure or hypotension.
Low pressure is also referred to as hypotension. If your systolic/diastolic levels are consistently below 90/60 mm Hg for several weeks, you probably have hypotension or low blood pressure.
Although usually not a problem, severe low pressure can lead to many complications, especially for the elderly.
So what are the signs to watch out for if you have low blood pressure? Here’s a video about high blood pressure. Watch until the end and you’ll learn about some surprising habits that can help you manage hypertension.
For people with low blood pressure without symptoms, there is rarely cause for concern.
However, it is always good to check your blood pressure regularly. There is no demarcation of what is the daily limit for low pressure. However, if your blood pressure suddenly drops to an alarming level, you should seek immediate medical attention. This is especially true for the elderly or those suffering from a chronic illness.
Why should you watch out for low blood pressure?
While low pressure is usually not serious in healthy people, a sudden drop in pressure can reduce blood flow to vital organs such as the brain, kidneys, and liver. This can cause serious complications. Low blood pressure can also be a sign of underlying problems.
It could indicate problems with your heart, anemia, or neural problems. If your blood pressure drops often or if you faint, feel dizzy or get cold hands and feet, see a doctor immediately.
Signs of low blood pressure
While most people with hypotension live without experiencing any symptoms, a sudden drop in blood pressure can be indicated by signs such as
- Feet and hands get cold
- Getting chills or feeling cold
- pass out
- Extreme thirst
- Rapid breathing or shortness of breath
- Blurry sight
What Causes Low Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure is influenced by many factors. They are:
- Genetic factors
- Low blood sugar
- Hormonal problems such as hyper- or hypothyroidism
- heart failure
- Liver diseases
- Medications for diseases such as Parkinson’s disease
- Trauma or blood loss
- Low body temperature
- Severe dehydration from diarrhea or vomiting
- Severe allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis
- Serious blood infections such as sepsis
- Addiction problems such as alcoholism or drug abuse.
Seniors with low blood pressure – a cause for concern
While it’s normal for blood pressure to rise or even fall with age, if you experience a sudden drop in blood pressure, pay attention. This could indicate problems with your heart or nervous system or even a dangerous drop in blood sugar. Low blood pressure can also result from drug interactions. Consult your doctor to find out if you need to change your medication dosage or need a prescription change.
Drug interactions leading to low blood pressure
Medications for various conditions can lower your blood pressure. These may include medications for:
- Parkinson’s disease
- Medicines to treat hypertension
- Medicines for anxiety
- Medicines used before or after surgery If you feel exaggerated symptoms, or experience them for a long time, talk to your doctor to find out if you need to change your medicines.
What is Orthostatic Hypotension? Why should you pay attention to it?
Sudden drops in blood pressure often occur when a person stands up from a sitting position or sits down from a lying position. This is known as orthostatic hypotension. Persistent orthostatic hypotension is considered a serious problem because it indicates that your cardiovascular or nervous system is unable to adapt to sudden changes. Normally, when you change position, blood pools in your feet. However, the brain immediately signals the heart to start beating faster, so that the blood supply to the brain remains uninterrupted. Frequent episodes of orthostatic hypotension episodes indicate that the heart is unable to pump blood properly. This can lead to problems and even lead to fainting.
Treatment for low blood pressure
There is no treatment for low pressure as such. However, if you experience a severe drop in your blood pressure or are experiencing shock, a few things may help: 1. Your doctor may prescribe medication for your condition. 2. If blood pressure drops due to dehydration, your doctor may administer intravenous dips. 3. If your blood pressure drops due to trauma or blood loss, you may need a blood transfusion. 4. If a drop in blood pressure is due to sudden heart problems, you may need injections of adrenaline or noradrenaline. These hormones help the heart beat faster so that blood flow to vital organs is not interrupted.
How to deal with low blood pressure?
Like hypertension, chronic hypotension as such cannot be “cured”. However, you can certainly manage your BP. Here are a few tips:
- Follow a healthy diet. Don’t deny yourself essential nutrients. Provide balanced meals.
- Depending on your personal health needs, you may need to increase your salt or sugar intake.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Dehydration can cause severe low pressure. Make sure you have enough electrolytes.
- Lead and active life. Exercise regularly. A sedentary lifestyle affects your stamina. Staying active will keep your heart healthy and improve your overall health. This helps your body adapt more quickly to sudden changes.
- Avoid exposure to allergic foods or substances. They can lead to severe reactions or fluid loss, which can lead to a rapid drop in pressure.
- Avoid lifting heavy weights or doing stressful work.
- Do not sit, stand or lie down for long periods of time without moving. Try to change your position and take active breaks regularly.
- Eat regularly and don’t skip meals.
- Avoid taking hot showers. This may come as a surprise, but hot water or steam in saunas can actually cause your body to lose more fluids. This can cause dizziness and also drop your pressure.
Low blood pressure – things to keep in mind
Although low blood pressure is not considered as such, it is concerning if you see your blood pressure drop over an extended period of time or experience a sudden drop in your blood pressure. Therefore, it is recommended to check your blood pressure regularly. Contact your doctor immediately if you notice any abnormal readings or a sudden drop in your blood pressure. Also, if you regularly experience dizziness, shortness of breath, exhaustion or other symptoms such as blurred vision, you should consult your doctor. Remember, following your doctor’s instructions, checking your blood pressure regularly, and living a healthy lifestyle can keep you active and happy.