What is lung cancer, know

In cancer, the cells of the body grow out of control. if it’s in the lungs, it lung cancer Or called lung cancer. It is considered the leading cause of cancer death. The number of patients is also increasing in India. While research suggests that lung cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and women in the US. To prevent this cancer, there are all kinds of treatments available and awareness campaigns are also being conducted.

lung cancer The biggest reason is smoking. Apart from this, it also happens for other reasons. These include chewing tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, exposure to substances such as asbestos or radon at home or at work. Apart from this, it can also be due to the family history (lung cancer symptoms). Yet it is generally believed that those who smoke more will get lung cancer. That is, the maximum danger remains. In addition, cancer can also be caused by the consumption of intoxicants such as gutkha, tobacco. If prevention is taken care of itself in the beginning, it can take care of itself.

what are the symptoms of lung cancer

symptoms of lung cancer

There are many symptoms of lung cancer.symptoms of lung cancerranging from cough to chest pain (symptoms of lung cancer,

  • prolonged cough
  • chestpain
  • shortness of breath
  • coughing up blood
  • feeling tired all the time
  • weight loss for no reason
  • loss of appetite
  • hoarseness
  • headache
  • bone pain

how does smoking cause lung cancer

Doctors believe that smoking causes lung cancer by damaging the cells in the lungs. When you inhale cigarette smoke, which is full of carcinogens, it causes changes in lung tissue (causes lung cancerIn such a situation, your body may be able to repair this damage initially. But repeated exposure to secondhand smoke causes rapid damage to normal lung cells. Over time, the damage causes cells to function abnormally. This can eventually develop into cancer.

what are the stages of lung cancer

Stage of small cell lung cancer If you have this type of cancer, your doctor may also list it as TNM. Doctors may also use the general stage for NSCLC (stages of lung cancerThere is also a TNM system and numbers are used for each of them.

Incognito status: Cancer cells can reach the mucus released when you cough. It cannot be seen on a tumor imaging scan or biopsy. It is also called hidden cancer.

Phase 0: At this stage, the cancerous tumor is very small. In this, cancer cells have not spread into the deep tissue of the lungs or outside the lungs.

Phase 1: In this case, the cancer is in the cells of the lungs and not in the lymph nodes.

Stage 2: The disease may have spread to the lymph nodes near the lungs.

Phase 3: In this case, the cancer has spread between the lymph nodes and the chest.

Phase 4: In this condition, the cancer has spread widely in the body. It may have spread to the brain, bones, or liver.

What are the symptoms of advanced lung cancer

  • fatigue- This can include extreme physical, emotional, and mental fatigue.
  • emotional changes Some people find that they are less interested in things they used to be interested in.
  • pain- It can cause severe pain and discomfort, but you can overcome the pain by improving your quality of life. In such a situation, doctors give medicines.
  • Difficulty breathing Shortness of breath and shortness of breath are not uncommon (symptoms of advanced lung cancer , You will learn techniques that can come in handy in this situation. This gives you relief when breathing.
  • Cough- A persistent cough may be caused by a tumor blocking the airways. Your doctor may prescribe medication to relieve the cough.
  • Bleed If the tumor spreads to a major airway, it can cause bleeding. Your doctor can help you in this situation.
  • Change in appetite Fatigue, restlessness and some medications can reduce appetite. The food doesn’t taste as good as before and the stomach starts to get full.

Doctor Ashutosh ten Sharma | Radiation Oncologist | NH MMI Narayana Super Specialty Hospital, Raipur

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